Saturday, August 27, 2011
The idea for both this blog and facebook group had been brewing for awhile. Finally I've launched both. If you haven't already checked out and joined the group please come check us out. I'm hoping to do what I have done with my Passion for Pibbles and :Love for Labbies pages and groups.
Many people get toy breeds without realizing that they can be seriously injured or even killed easily. Accidentally stepping, sleeping, or sitting on them can be a fatal error.
Remember they enjoy curling into small places to keep warm. Places like under your clothes, blankets, or pillows. They can also seriously injure or kill themselves just by leaping off high places including out of your arms. Larger dogs may pose a threat even if they are just playing. A quick shake can be just enough to break their small necks. Like any dog breed it’s important to always supervise your dog. This is even more true with small toy dogs. They require constant supervision. You must always be on alert about what’s going in your dog’s environment. It’s recommended that they always be on leash.
Typically this breed is not a good choice for small children. Children tend to be clumsy. It’s just too easy for a child to accidentally step, sit, or roll on the little dog. They can also be dropped or squeezed too hard. Many Chis feel overwhelmed by children because of their loud voices and quick actions. Stress and fear kick in and often so does fear or defensive biting. The other thing children don’t always realize is just because the dog is small and cute doesn’t mean it’s a puppy. It also doesn’t mean that they can carry around and treat it as though it were a stuffed toy.
These little dogs are naturally suspicious. They have what many refer to as the small dog complex. It’s not uncommon for a Chihuahua to go into a fit when someone approaches what they consider their domain. Some dogs may consider this the entire street. Though this may sound and look funny sadly it’s a serious situation. This kind of paranoid behavior can lead to them being so suspicious of everything and everyone it will lead to biting. It’s very important that Chihuahua owners stop this before it accelerates to that point.
Chihuahuas are notorious for barking. They feel they need to inform you of every single new sound and sight. Owners have to be quick to stop this. If trained correctly your dog will learn to stop barking when you tell them to.
These comical little dogs are quite entertaining, quirky, eccentric, and have a personality like no other. However, this breed can have such extremes in personalities that it’s important to take this into consideration before deciding if these little bundles of feistiness are right for you. Chihuahuas can be placid, mellow, confident and eager to please. On the other hand there’s some that are just plain nervous bundles of energy that have a stubborn streak bigger then they are.
Chihuahuas are different then many other dogs in the way of temperament. There’s often a genetic factor that plays a huge role in this. There can be whole lines of social or anti social behavior in their geneology. Also the other most important factor like with any breed is how you raise, train, and socialize them. Remember it doesn’t matter what breed of dog you bring home the most important step to having a well balanced dog that can adapt easily to various situations is socialization.
When you think of Chihuahuas you may think of suspicious dogs that are quite noisy and make it known they aren’t fond of strangers. This is true they do pretty much hate every person and animal except their owner. They are definitely not shy about voicing their opinion on that matter.
Like in any breed though there are exceptions. Some may be standoffish at first but will come around in time. If people are patient and don’t push the issue they may win the Chihuahuas trust. Others don’t need any warm up time and are friendly from the start and have no problems going to anyone.
Many can and do live well among dogs, cats, and other animals in their own family. However, they aren’t typically known to accept animals that they don’t consider part of their family. Chis definitely have no problem with addressing their distain. If you don’t work to curb this reaction to others this can get out of control as they get older.
Chihuahuas tend to prefer their own kind. Some people even get a pair of them so that they can keep one another company when their other family members aren‘t around. The pair can play together, keep each other warm by snuggling, or even clean one another.
Being small dogs that get cold easily they love to snuggle into the smallest spots to tunnel under blankets, towels, or even clothes. They’re even known to find that one sunspot in the room and lounge in it as though they’re a cat basking up the warmth.
If you ask other Chihuahua owners what the most difficult thing to teach their dog the majority would probably say housebreaking. These little spitfires can be quite difficult to housebreak. This is especially so in cold or wet weather. Many go the indoor litter pan route. Some people even use a doggy door that connects to a covered potty area.
Chihuahuas may be your type of dog if you like:
- Small “portable” breeds
- Wide variety of colors, coats, and sizes
- Entertaining eccentric personalities (only Chi owners understand)
- Watch dogs (yes better then the dogs several times their size)
- Snuggling (after all they want to be warm)
- To spend lot of years with your dog (generally they have a long lifespan)
Chihuahuas may NOT be your type of dog if:
- Small and delicate toy breeds aren't your thing
- Stubborn personalities are a turn off
- Difficult house trainers pose a problem
- High strung yappy personalities bother you
- You don’t want a dog that tends to only bond with one person
Of course this is just a generalization and like any breed of dog it can vary. You can work towards avoiding and minimizing these negative traits. Do as much research as possible. If you are adopting from a shelter or breeder ask questions. Try to get as much background about the dog you’re interested in as possible. Work towards training and raising your dog correctly and use a lot of firm but positive reinforcement. It’s never too early to begin training and socializing your dog. Sometimes going with an adult Chihuahua is the way to go. By this age their personalities have developed and you’ll most likely be able to tell whether they have any of those traits that you don’t want.
Friday, August 26, 2011
This tiny toy sized dog known for it’s brave, courageous, and proud demeanor is the smallest breed. It was named after the state of Chihuahua in Mexico.
Chihuahuas make good companion dogs. They’re fiercely loyal and tend to become very attached to one owner. They do enjoy affection and have been known to show it in return by licking their owner’s faces.
These lively, agile, happy, and adventurous dogs tend to be quite strong willed. It’s important that they have proper human leadership. They can be difficult to train and house break but are intelligent and learn quickly with patience. Chihuahuas respond well to proper, firm, gentle training. Positive reinforcement is key to succeeding with these stubborn souls.
It’s important not to allow them to get away with things that you’d not allow a bigger dog to do. Many tend to allow small dogs to get away with more and baby them. An example of this is jumping up on people. It may be cute to see a tiny dog putting his little paws on your leg. However, if this is allowed you’re telling them that this dominant behavior is okay. This will lead to them thinking they’re the pack leader and that leads to behavior issues such as jealousy and aggression with others. They’ll also become suspicious of everyone but their owner.
Chihuahuas that develop this pack leader mentality may be prone to snapping at humans, especially children. In general it’s not recommended that this breed is around children unless properly socialized. The key is to socialize these dogs well from a young age and continue throughout their lives. Just like any other breed the better socialized they are the better behaved.
Also it’s important to give them a lot of exercise. There’s a huge misconception about small dogs. Many think that they don’t need to be walked as much. They assume that these dogs get plenty of exercise running around during the day. However, this is not true. Walks are crucial for a dog’s well being. They not only provide much needed exercise and energy release they provide mental stimulation as well. It also satisfies their natural migration instincts.
It’s important to treat them no different then you would a larger dog. Owners that realize that their Chihuahua is no different then another sized dog will get a more appealing temperament. They need to make sure that they are the pack leader and not the dog. If this is done they are more likely to be trustworthy around others.
The true history of this unique breed is not entirely known. There’s many theories surrounding the origin. Folklore and archaeological finds show the breed originated from Mexico. The most common and thought to be most accurate is that they descended from the Techichi, This was a companion dog of the Toltec civilization in Mexico. No records of the Techichi prior to the 9th century exist. It’s probable that ancestors of the dogs were present prior to the Mayans. Dogs much like the Chihuahua were found in materials from the Cholula Pyramids predating 1530. Also they were found in the Chichen Itza ruins on the Yucatan Peninsula. Other historians believe they came from the island of Malta in Mediterranean.
European paintings of small dogs that resemble Chihuahuas also give possible creedence to the this theory. One of the most famous is a fresno in the Sistine Chapel by Sandro Bottcelli dated 1480-1482. The fresno, Trials of Moses shows a boy holding a tiny dog with a round head, large eyes, big ears and characteristics of the Chihuahua.
This particular painting was finished ten years before Columbis returned from the New World. Botticelli would not have seen a Mexican dog but he depicted a dog that looked much like a Chihuahua. Reportedly in 1850 a progenitor of the breed was found in ruins near Casas Grandes. This is in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. This is where the dog gets their name.
Most artifacts relating to the existence of this breed are found around Mexico City. However, Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico in the U.S. were where they first rose to prominence. Since then they have remained consistently popular as a breed. They were first recognized by the AKC in 1904. The present day Chi is much smaller then their ancestors. This change is thought to be due to the introduction of miniaturized Chinese dogs, such as the Chinese Crested dog into the South America by the Spanish.
Description and standards
Chihuahuas are known for their large dark or sometimes ruby colored eyes that are set well apart. They have large erect ears and their long sickle shaped tails either curl over their back or to the side. The beautiful short or long coat can be either wavy or flat. Solid, marked, and splashed markings can come in white, chestnut, fawn, sand, silver, sable, steel blue, black, tan, and parti color and any combo of those colors.
Their bodies are longer then they are tall. Their heads are well rounded like an apple in shape. The muzzle is short and pointed with a well defined stop. Commonly referred to as either Apple or Deer heads. One has a short nose and rounded head similar to an apple. The other has a longer nose and elongated head.
The breed standard doesn’t specify height only weight and a description of overall proportions. This results in varying heights. Height usually ranges from 6-10 inches. Some can grow as tall as 12-15 inches. British and American standards both state that the Chihuahua must not weigh more then 6lbs for conformation. The British standard also states the weight of 2-4lbs is preferred. In fact if two dogs are equally good in type the diminutive one is preferred.
The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) standard is 3.3-6.6lbs. Smaller ones are more acceptable in show rings. Pet quality often range above these weights. Some are even above 10lbs if they’ve got large bone structure or allowed to become overweight. This doesn’t mean they’re not purebred but do not meet the requirements for conformation shows. Oversized Chihuahuas can be found in both good and bad bloodlines. The standards for both long and short coats are typically identical except for coat description.
It’s important to know that terms like Teacup, Pocket Size, Tiny Toy, Miniature, or Standard are marketing gimmicks. They’re made up to inflate a puppy’s value. These aren’t recognized by the breed standards.
United Kingdom’s Kennel Club and the American Kennel Club only recognize two Chihuahua varieties. The long coat and the smooth coat also known as the short coat. Genetically they are both the same breed. Short coat doesn’t mean the hair is smooth. The hair can range from velvet touch to whiskery. Long haired Chis are smoother to the touch. They have soft fine guard hairs and downy undercoats. This gives them their fluffy appearance. Unlike many other long hair breeds Chis require no trimming and grooming is minimal. Contrary to what people may believe the long haired Chihuahuas typically shed less then the short. It can take up to two or more years before the full long haired coat develops.
Chihuahuas come in many color combinations: solid, marked, or splashed. Colors can range from solid black to solid white. Spotted, Sable, and a variety of other colors and patterns can also appear in the Chihuahua breed. The colors and patterns can combine and affect one another. This can result in many variations. Most common colors are fawn, red, cream, chocolate, blue, and black. No pattern or color is considered more valuable.
Merle is not considered part of the breed standard. In May 2007 The Kennel Club decided that any puppies with this coloration were not to be registered. This is due to the health risk of this gene. In December of that year the Breed Standard was amended so that any merle dogs were disqualified. The Federation Cynologique Internationale that represents the major kennel club of 84 countries disqualified the merle color as well. Countries like Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and Germany also followed suit. However, in May 2008 the Chihuahua Club of America voted that this color wouldn’t be disqualified in the United States. It would be able to be registered and compete in AKC events. Those opposed to the coloration believe it came about by modern cross breeding with other dogs.
Choosing a Chihuahua must be done carefully. An owner’s temperament often effects the dog’s. Chis with an ill temperament can be easily provoked to attack. That makes them generally not suitable for homes with small children. This breed is known to be fiercely loyal to one owner. In some cases they even become over protective. This is especially true around other people or animals. They aren’t always able to get along with other breeds. Chihuahuas are prone to clan like nature. Often preferring the companionship of only their kind over others. Generally this makes them not recommended for children that aren’t patient and calm. These small dogs love their dens and are known to burrow into pillows, clothes, and blankets. Often they can be found under the covers or at the bottom of the bed. Deep in the dark safety of what they consider their den.
Expert veterinary attention is often needed in areas like birthing and dental care. They’re prone to genetic anomalies. Neurological issues such as epilepsy and seizure disorders are common. Like other toy breeds Chihuahuas are prone to the painful disease hydrocephalus. It’s diagnosed when a puppy has a an abnormally large head during the first months of
it’s life. Other symptoms of hydrocephalus are patchy skull plates rather than solid bone, typically lethargic, also they don’t grow at the same pace as their littermates. Veterinarians can diagnose hydrocephalus but the prognosis is not good.
Another common issue for this breed is moleras. This is a soft spot in their skulls. They’re the only breed born with an incomplete skull. This does fill in with age but care still needs to be taken during the first six months until the skull is fully formed. However, some do not close completely and will continue to require extra care to prevent injury. Many veterinarians aren’t familiar enough with the breed and mistaken molera with hydrocephalus.
Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar is another risk. This is especially dangerous in puppies. Not treated this can lead to coma and death. This can be avoided with frequent feedings. Every three hours for small and young puppies. It’s recommended that owners have a simple sugar supplement on hand in case of emergency. Nutri-Cal, Karo syrup or honey can be rubbed on the gums and roof of the mouth. These rapidly raise the blood sugar level.
Lethargy, sleepiness, low energy, uncoordinated walking, unfocused eyes, and neck muscle spasms or head pulling back or to the side are all symptoms of hypoglycemia.
Due to their large, round, protruding eyes and their relatively low ground clearance they’re prone to eye infections. Care should be taken to prevent them from being poked in the eyes. Their eyes are also prone to frequent watering to remove dust or allergens that may get into the eye. Daily wiping will help keep the eyes clean and prevent tear stains.
Collapsed trachea also known as reverse sneezing is a health concern of this breed
Chihuahuas have a tendency to tremble. This is not a health issue but occurs usually when the dog is stressed, excited, or cold. Cold can be a problem for these small dogs. When outside they can wear coats or sweaters to help keep them warm. Also they enjoy digging and snuggling into blankets while they sleep.
The average lifespan for a healthy Chi is between 10-17 years. (Another source said 14-18 years.)
Since Chihuahuas are sometimes picky eaters it’s important to provide the adequate nutrition. Wet or fresh food is often most appealing. Though it’s important not to go too long without a meal care should be exercised not to overfeed this small breed.
Dental care is important for these little dogs.
Human foods shouldn’t be given. Due to the dog’s small size high fat or sugary treats even given in small amounts can result in an overweight dog. Being over weight they are more susceptible to increased joint injuries, tracheal collapse, chronic bronchitis. Also this can shorten their life span.
Luxating Patella is a known genetic condition very common in Chihuahuas.
In some dogs the ridges forming the patellar groove aren’t correctly shaped and a shallow groove is created. The patella will luxate or slip out of place or sideways in dogs with shallow grooves. This causes the leg to lock up and forces the Chihuahua to hold their foot off the ground. When the patella luxates from the femur groove it usually can’t return to the normal position until the quadriceps muscle relaxes and increases in length. This is why the dog may be forced to hold their leg up for a few minutes after initial displacement. When the muscles are contracted and the patella is luxated from the correct position the joint is held in a flexed or bent position. The knee cap sliding across the femur can cause pain due to the bony ridges of the femur. When out of position they feel no discomfort and can continue with activity.
Some Chihuahuas can also have heart related disorders such as heart murmurs and Pulmonic Stenosis. This is when the blood outflow from the heart’s right ventricle is obstructed at plutonic valve.
They are also prone to physical deformities especially seen as they get older.
CKC = Continental Kennel Club
FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationale
AKC = American Kennel Club
UKC = United Kennel Club
KCGB = Kennel Club of Great Britain
CKC = Canadian Kennel Club
ANKC = Australian National Kennel Club
NKC = National Kennel Club
NZKC = New Zealand Kennel Club
APRI = American Pet Registry Inc.
ACR = American Canine Registry
DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
NAPR = North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
Information compiled from various sources. No copyright infringement intended. No monetary gain was received. Original was created August 26st, 2011 by Carrie McCormick.